1818

The New England Glass Co., founded by Deming Jarves and others

1825

c. 1825

Enoch Robinson begins association with the New England Glass Co.

1825

Deming Jarves leaves the New England Glass Co.; founds the Boston & Sandwich Glass Co.

1825

Henry Whitney assumes control of the New England Glass Co.

1826

Enoch Robinson & Henry Whitney: “Making glass knobs for doors”

US Patent No. 4553X

Robinson & Whitney’s glass press revolutionizes flint glass manufacturing

1828

Congress passes the Tariff Act

Prices increase on imported goods and raw materials

1830

Old State House Restoration

Boston, MA

Isaiah Rogers, Architect

Restoration, 1830

1830

Nichols House Museum

Boston, MA

Restoration, 1830

1833

Captain Robert Bennet Forbes House

Milton, MA

Isaiah Rogers, Architect

1833

1835

The Hermitage

Nashville, TN

Joseph Reiff & William C. Hume, Architects

Restoration, 1835

1837

E. Robinson & Co. founded

c. 1837

G.W. Robinson & Co., 4 Richmond Street

Enoch, George, and Ezra manufacture glass knobs

1837

E. Robinson & Co., 32 Dock Square

1847

Revere House Hotel

William Washburn, Architect

1847

1850

1851

P.F. Corbin Company founded

1851

Russell & Erwin founded

1851

Crystal Palace Exhibition, London

1853

Tremont Temple

Boston, MA

William Washburn, Architect

Restoration, 1853

1855

Treasury Building (South Wing)

Washington, DC

Ammi Burnham Young & Alexander Hamilton Bowman, Architects

Expansion, 1855–1861

1855

The Parker House

Boston, MA

William Washburn, Architect

1855

1857

The Old South Meeting House

Boston, MA

Restoration, 1857

1860

Gibson House Museum

Boston, MA

Edward Clarke Cabot, Architect

1860

1861

Civil War starts

1862

Old City Hall

Boston, MA

Gridley James Fox Bryant & Arthur Gilman, Architects

1862

1862

Treasury Building (West Wing)

Washington, DC

Isaiah Rogers, Architect

Expansion, 1862–1864

1866

Old Naval Hospital

Washington, DC

Ammi Burnham Young, Architect

1866

1867

E. Robinson hardware displayed in Paris at the Exposition Universelle d’Art et d’Industrie

1868

Yale & Towne, founded as Yale Lock Manufacturing Co., in Stamford, Ct

1872

Great Boston Fire

1875

1875

William Hall dies

1876

The Northampton National Bank Heist

Largest bank robbery in US history; this and other robberies drives the adoption of combination time locks

1877

Second US Patent Office fire

1879

Wm Hall & Co. moves to 4 Dock Square

1883

Walter Gropius born

1888

Enoch Robinson dies; his son Albert takes over the company

c. 1888

E. Robinson & Co. moves to 34–41 Cornhill

c. 1891

J.D. Jewett and W.C. Vaughan work at Pearl Street

1893

Chicago World’s Fair; attended by Walter C. and Etta Vaughan on their honeymoon

1894

Walter Stafford Vaughan born

1895

J.D. Jewett and W.C. Vaughan form partnership as J.D. Jewett & Co.

1895

Massachusetts State House

Boston, MA

Charles Brigham, Architect

Alteration, 1895

1898

Faneuil Hall

Boston, MA

John Smibert, Architect

1898

1899

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA

Edmund March Wheelwright, Architect

1899

1900

1901

G.N. Wood & Co. founded.

1902

J.D. Jewett and W.C. Vaughan incorporate as the J.D. Jewett Co., successor to J.D. Jewett & Co.

1902

The White House

Washington, DC

McKim, Mead & White, Architects

1902

1902

Marcel Breuer born

1905

G.N. Wood & Co. aqcuires E.Robinson & Co.

1905

Albert Robinson dies

1907

Collapse of the Knickerbocker Trust Company of 1907; financial panic of 1907

1908

Elmer Hale Pratt born

1909

Jewett and Vaughan split; the J.D. Jewett Co. changes its name to the W.C. Vaughan Co.

1912

Copley Plaza Hotel

Boston, MA

Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, Architect

1912

1913

Massachusetts State Armory

Wakefield, MA

1913

1913

Revenue Act of 1913 (Underwood Tariff)

Tariff rate reduced; removed completely from iron, steel, and other raw materials

1914

L.S. Hall & Co. acquires G.N. Wood & Co. / E. Robinson & Co.

1914

World War I begins

1918

W.C. Vaughan acquires L.S. Hall & Co.

1918

World War I ends

1919

The Great Molasses Flood

The Purity Distilling Company tank explosion demolishes structures, injures 150, and kills 21

1921

Ostrander & Eshleman, Inc. founded; exclusive representative of G. & R. Bricard of Paris; distributors of Yale & Towne

1921

W.C. Vaughan acquires Wm. Hall & Co.

1922

Nebraska State Capitol

Lincoln, NE

Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue, Architect

1922

1924

Walter and Etta Vaughan visit Stafford Vaughan in Rome; Walter collects medieval ironwork and hardware

1925

c. 1926

Elmer Hale Pratt joins the Boston Architectural Club; works as draftsman for Perry, Shaw, and Hepburn

1926

W.C. Vaughan acquires building at 3–7 Havervill, which houses its forge, foundry, manufacturing, and shipping departments

c. 1926

Walter Stafford Vaughan joins Ostrander & Eshleman, initiates partnership with the W.C. Vaughan Co.

1927

St. Philip’s Episcopal Church

Charleston, SC

1927–1938

1927

Colonial Williamsburg

Williamsburg, VA

William Graves Perry, Architect

Restoration, 1927–1934

1928

Museum of Fine Arts

Boston, MA

Guy Lowell, Architect

1928

1929

Church of the Heavenly Rest

New York, NY

Mayers, Murray & Phillip, Architects

1929

1929

The Henry Ford Museum of American Innovation
(Edison Institute)

Dearborn, MI

Robert O. Derrick, Architect

1929

1929

Wall Street crash; start of the Great Depression.

1929

Elmer Hale Pratt joins W.C. Vaughan as a draftsman

1932

Memorial Church of Harvard University

Cambridge, MA

Coolidge, Shepley, Bulfinch & Abbott, Architects

1932

1933

Watertown First Parish Church

Watertown, MA

1933

1934

All Saints Church

Worcester, MA

Frohman, Robb, and Little & G. Adolph Johnson, Architects

Addition, 1934

1934

Walter Gropius flees Germany for London

1934

Depth of the Great Depression

1935

New Old South Church

Boston, MA

Charles Amos Cummings & William Thomas Sears & Francis Richmond Allen & Charles Collins, Architects

Addition, 1935

1936

Rockefeller Apartments

New York, NY

Wallace Kirkman Harrison, Architect

1936

1936

Corpus Christi Church

New York, NY

Wilfred Edwards Anthony, Architect

1936

1936

US Department of the Interior

Washington, D.C.

Waddy Butler Wood, Architect

1936

1936

William K. Vanderbilt Estate “Eagle’s Nest”

Centerport, N.Y.

Warren & Wetmore, Architects

1936

1936

Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer arrive in Cambridge, Mass. at the invitation of Joseph Hudnut, Dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Design

1937

Saint Mary’s Episcopal Church

Washington, DC

James Renwick, Jr., Architect

1937

1937

Dillaway-Thomas House

Boston, MA

1937

1937

Grace Church

New York, NY

James Renwick, Jr., Architect

1937

1937

Nathaniel Saltonstall House

Medfield, MA

Nathaniel Saltonstall, Architect

1937

c. 1937

Under Elmer Pratt’s direction, W.C. Vaughan Co. introduces Lucite door pulls

1938

St. Josephs Church

1938

1938

William P. Bartel House

Wayland, MA

Eleanor Raymond, Architect

1938

1938

Trinity Church

Newton, MA

1938

1938

Pillsbury Summer House

Duxbury, MA

Sarah Pillsbury Harkness & Eleanor Raymond, Architects

1938

1938

Gardner-White-Pingree House

Salem, MA

Samuel McIntire, Architect

1938

1938

Josephine M. Hagerty House

Cohasset, MA

Walter Gropius & Marcel Breuer, Architects

1938

1938

Exmoor Farm Renovation

Weston, MA

Eleanor Raymond, Architect

1938

1938

Gropius House

Lincoln, MA

Walter Gropius & Marcel Breuer, Architects

1938

1938

Mr. & Mrs. G. Holmes Perkins House

Brookline, MA

George Holmes Perkins, Architect

1938

1938

Breuer House, Lincoln

Lincoln, MA

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1938

1938

W.C. Vaughan provides hardware for Life Magazine’s “Life Houses”

1939

W.C. Vaughan acquires the John Tein Co.

1939

Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church

New York, NY

1939

1939

Fischer House & Studio

Wrightstown Township, Bucks County, PA

Walter Gropius & Marcel Breuer, Architects

1939

1939

Gov. Gore Mansion

Waltham, WA

1939

1939

Centenary Church

Winston Salem, NC

1939

1939

Ford House

Lincoln, MA

Walter Gropius & Marcel Breuer, Architects

1939

1939

George Nelson House

Scarsdale, NY

Fordyce & Hamby & George Nelson, Architects

1939

1939

Argentinian Pavilion

New York, NY

Aymar Embury II & Armando D'ans, Architects

1939

1939

Pennsylvania State Exhibition

New York, NY

1939

1939

Terzaghi House

Winchester, MA

George Holmes Perkins, Architect

1939

1939

St. Michael’s Church

Litchfield, CT

1939

1939

Salem Maritime National Historic Site

Salem, MA

1939

1939

Saint Anthony’s Church

1939

1939

Life Magazine’s Life Houses

Queens, NY

1939

1939

New York World’s Fair, the “World of Tomorrow”; W.C. Vaughan supplies hardware for exhibitions including the Argentine Pavilion and Gropius and Breuer’s Pennsylvania State Exhibition

1939

World War II begins

1940

Brown University

Providence, RI

1940

1940

Plastics, 1940

Boston, MA

1940

1940

Massachusetts General Hospital Chapel

Boston, MA

1940

1940

Peabody Plywood House

Dover, MA

Eleanor Raymond, Architect

1940

1940

Alan IW Frank House

Pittsburgh, PA

Walter Gropius & Marcel Breuer, Architects

1940

1941

Church of the Redeemer

Brookline, MA

1941

1941

Abele House

Framingham, MA

Walter Gropius & Marcel Breuer, Architects

1941

1941

Chamberlain Cottage

Wayland, MA

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1941

1941

Jackson House

Dover, MA

Elliot Noyes, Architect

George Holmes Perkins, Supervising Architect

1941

1941

Weizenblatt House

Asheville, NC

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1941

1941

John P. Monks House

Lincoln, MA

George Holmes Perkins, Architect

1941

1941

Nelson Rockefeller Apartment

New York, NY

Wallace Kirkman Harrison, Architect

1941

1941

9 Ash Street House

Cambridge, MA

Philip Cortelyou Johnson, Architect

1941

1940

Plastics, 1940

Exhibition organized by Robert Woods Kennedy at the Boston Institute of Modern Art

c. 1941

Elmer Pratt joins the Massachusetts State Guard

1941

The US enters World War II

c. 1942

Elmer Pratt draws illustrations for a series of books about military weapons

c. 1942

W.C. Vaughan manufactures torpedo parts for the war effort.

1943

Walter Clifford Vaughan retires; divides shares in W.C. Vaughan between Walter Stafford Vaughan and Elmer Pratt

1943

Walter Stafford Vaughan becomes president of W.C. Vaughan

1945

Farnsworth House

Plano, IL

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Architect

1945

1945

Geller House I

Lawrence, NY

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1945

1946

Cronk Chapel

1946

1946

Gilbert Tompkins House

Hewlett Harbor, NY

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1946

1946

St. Joseph

Dover, NH

1946

1946

First Church Christ Scientist

Winchester, MA

1946

1945

World War II ends

1945

Walter Gropius forms TAC (The Architects Collaborative) with Norman Fletcher, John Harkness, and others

1947

The Glass House

New Canaan, CT

Philip Cortelyou Johnson, Architect

1947

1947

Old Wye Church

Wye Mills, MD

William Graves Perry, Architect

Restoration, 1947

1948

Kepes Cottage

Wellfleet, MA

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1948

1948

Breuer House I

New Canaan, CT

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1948

1948

Edward E. Mills House

New Canaan, CT

Marcel Breuer, Architect

Addition, 1948

1948

Breuer Cottage

Wellfleet, MA

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1948

1948

First Lutheran Church

Gardner, MA

1948

1948

Robinson House

Williamstown, MA

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1948

1948

Fischer Guest Cottage

Newtown, PA

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1948

1949

St. Andrews Episcopal Church

Wellesley, MA

Nathaniel Saltonstall, Architect

1949

1949

Thompson House

Ligonier, PA

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1949

1949

Scott House

Dennis, MA

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1949

1949

Wellesley Veterans Housing

Wellesley, MA

Hugh Asher Stubbins, Architect

1949

1949

St. Thomas Church

Hartford, CT

1949

1949

Six Moon Hill

Lexington, MA

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

1949

1949

Our Lady of Mercy Seminary

Lenox, MA

1949

1949

Mayo Hill Colony Club

Wellfleet, MA

Nathaniel Saltonstall, Architect

1949

1949

Kniffin House

New Canaan, CT

Marcel Breuer & Elliot Noyes, Architects

1949

1950

1950

Smith House

Aspen, CO

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1950

1950

Zimmerman House

Manchester, NH

Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect

1950

1950

Howlett House

Belmont, MA

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

1950

1950

Lauck House

Princeton, NJ

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1950

1950

Menil House

Houston, TX

Philip Cortelyou Johnson, Architect

1950

1951

Pack House

Scarsdale, NY

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1951

1951

Wolfson Trailer House

Salt Point, NY

Marcel Breuer, Architect

1951

1951

Five Fields

Lexington, MA

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

1951

1951

Winterthur Museum

New Castle, DE

Henry Francis DuPont, Architect

1951

1951

W.C. Vaughan loses 1 Haymarket Square to eminent domain; moves to 32 Pitts Street

1952

St. Joseph’s Cathedral

1952

1952

St. Mary’s - The Morning Star Church

Pittsfield, MA

1952

1952

1717 Meeting House

West Barnstable, WA

1952

1953

Cathedral Church of St. John

Wilmington, DE

James E. Lowe & Sons, Architects

Restoration, 1953

1953

Trinity Episcopal Church

Wilmington, DE

Victorine du Pont & Samuel Homsey, Architects

1953

1953

St. George’s Episcopal Church

Schenectady, NY

Samuel Fuller, Architect

1953

1953

P.M. Herzog House

Boston, MA

Huson Jackson, Architect

1953

1953

Church in Taunton

Taunton, MA

1953

1954

First Lutheran Church

Boston, MA

Pietro Belluschi, Architect

1954

1954

Chermayeff Cottage & Studio

Wellfleet, MA

Serge Chermayeff, Architect

1954

1954

St. Brigid’s Church

West Hartford, CT

Curtin & Riley, Architects

1954

1954

Brandeis University Chapels

Waltham, MA

Max Abramovitz, Architect

1954

1954

Gagarin House

Litchfield, CT

Herbert Beckhard & Marcel Breuer, Architects

1954

1954

St. Andrews Church

Wellesley, MA

William Graves Perry, Architect

1954

1954

Governor’s Palace

New Bern, NC

William Graves Perry, Architect

Restoration, 1954

1954

Scott Residence

Wellfleet, MA

Serge Chermayeff, Architect

1954

1955

Holy Trinity Lutheran Church

Hickory, NC

Robert Clemmer, Architect

1955

1955

Harvard Business School

Cambridge, MA

1955

1955

Christ Church

St. Simons Island, GA

Abreu & Robeson, Architects

1955

1955

Nathaniel Russell House

Charleston, SC

1955

1955

First Parish Meeting House

Cohasset, MA

1955

1955

Bowditch House

Cambridge, MA

Eleanor Raymond, Architect

1955

1955

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA

1955

1955

Mosley House

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

Alteration, 1955

1955

Radcliffe College (1879-1999)

Cambridge, MA

1955

1955

United Church

Walpole, MA

William Graves Perry, Architect

1955

1955

West Barnstable Meeting House

Barnstable, MA

E.B. Goodell, Jr, Architect

Restoration, 1955

1956

Westwood Parish Hall

1956

1957

Wye Parish House

Wye Mills, MD

1957

1957

Monsanto House of the Future

Disneyland, Anaheim, CA

Richard Hamilton & Marvin Goody (MIT), Architects

1957

1957

The Boston Redevelopment Authority forces W.C. Vaughan’s move from Pitts Street

1958

Hooper House II

Baltimore, MD

Marcel Breuer & Herbert Beckhard, Architects

1958

1959

Murchison House

Provincetown, MA

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

1959

1959

Lincoln Parsonage

Lincoln, MA

1959

1959

Revere Pentecostal Church

Revere, MA

1959

1960

The Oldest House (González-Alvarez House)

St. Augustine, FL

1960

1960

Harrison Gray Otis House I

Boston, MA

Abbott Lowell Cummings, Architect

Restoration, 1960

1960

Church of Advent

Medfield, MA

1960

1960

Royal Danish Embassy

Washington, DC

Vilhelm Lauritzen, Architect

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Consulting Architects

1960

1960

Church in Winston Salem

Winstom Salem, NC

1960

1961

King’s Chapel House

Boston, MA

1961

1961

Boston Safe Deposit & Trust Company

Boston, MA

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

1961

1961

Christ Church

Hamilton, MA

Philip Horton Smith, Architect

Addition, 1961

1961

Pilgram Congregational Church

1961

1961

Lutheran Home of Moorestown

Moorestown, NJ

1961

1961

Embassy of the United States

Athens, Greece

Walter Gropius & The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

1961

1961

Phillips Academy

Andover, MA

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

1961

1961

Social Science Building

Waltham, MA

The Architects Collaborative (TAC), Architects

1961

1961

Lutheran Church of the Newtons

Newton, MA

Nathaniel Saltonstall, Architect

1961

1962

Trinity Episcopal Church

Concord, MA

Anderson, Beckwith and Haible, Architects

1962

1962

Catholic Guild for The Blind

1962

1962

Earth Science Building

Cambridge, MA

Araldo Cossutta & I.M. Pei, Architects

1962

1962

Cathedral Church of St. Paul

Boston, MA

1962

1962

Chermayeff Courtyard House

New Haven, CT

Serge Chermayeff, Architect

1962

1962

First Parish Church

Lincoln, MA

1962

1962

Joseph M. Edinburg House

Brookline, MA

Nathaniel Saltonstall, Architect

1962

1962

Sons of Mary

Framingham, MA

1962

1962

New England States Exhibition

New York, NY

Nelson W. Aldrich, Architect

1962

1962

Edward Carrington House

Providence, RI

1962

1962

Holy Trinity Episcopal Church

New York, NY

1962

1962

Ephrata Cloister

Ephrata, PA

1962

1963

Presbyterian Church of the Convenant

Greensboro, NC

Harry Barton, Architect

Addition, 1963

1963

Governor Goodwin Mansion
Chase House

Portsmouth, NH

William Graves Perry, Architect

Restoration, 1963

1963

First Baptist Church

Greensboro, NC

1963

1963

Hardware for Church

New York, NY

1963

1963

St. Columban Parish

Arlington, VT

Dirsa Lampron, Architect

1963

1963

Centenary Methodist Church

Richmond, VA

1963

1964

St. Stephen’s Church

New York, NY

1964

1964

First Parish Church

Sudbury, MA

1964

1964

People’s Methodist Church

Bradford, MA

1964

1964

Kings Chapel House

Boston, MA

1964

1964

Walter Stafford Vaughan retires; Elmer Pratt becomes president of W.C. Vaughan

1965

First Methodist Church

Pearlsburg, VA

1965

1965

St. Angela Merici Church

Metaire, LA

1965

1965

St. Peter’s Church

Manset, MA

1965

1965

St. John’s Chapel

New York, NY

1965

1965

National Shrine of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton

Emmitsburg, MD

1965

1965

Duke University Divinity School

Durham, NC

1965

1965

St. Matthew’s German Evangelical Lutheran Church

Charleston, SC

1965

1966

Cranwell School Chapel

Lenox, MA

1966

1967

Trinity Church

Boston, MA

1967

1967

St. Richard’s Church

1967

1967

Old Governor’s Mansion

Milledgeville, GA

Charles B. Cluskey, Architect

1967

1968

John Wright Stanly House

New Bern, NC

John Hawks, Architect

1968

1968

Heritage Plantation

Sandwich, MA

1968

1969

Walter Gropius dies

1971

Port Tobacco Court House

Port Tobacco, ML

1971

1971

Marblehead Church

Marblehead, MA

Carpenter Associates, Architects

1971

1972

First Church Congregational

Boxford, MA

Merton Stuart Barrows, Architect

Restoration, 1972

1972

Clark Art Institute

Williamstown, MA

Pietro Belluschi, Architect

1972

1975

1975

First Church Dedham

Dedham, MA

1975

1975

Elmer Pratt retires as President of W.C. Vaughan.

1981

Redstone Modern acquires the W.C. Vaughan Co.

1980

The Hebrew College

Brookline, MA

1980

1981

Marcel Breuer dies

1987

Elmer’s nephew Glenn Albert Pratt acquires the W.C. Vaughan Co. from Redstone Modern and re-starts the business in Braintree, Mass.

1995

Scripps Neurosciences Research Institute

San Diego, CA

Tod Williams Billie Tsien, Architects

1995

1995

TAC ceases operation

1998

Central Synagogue

New York, NY

Henry Fernbach, Architect

1998

1999

E.R. Butler & Co. acquires the Quincy Spindle Mfg. Co.

1999

Tweed Courthouse

New York, NY

John G. Waite Associates, Architects

Restoration, 1999

2000

2000

E.R. Butler & Co. acquires the W.C. Vaughan Co.

2000

Hermès International S.A. (Flagship)

New York, NY

Beyer, Blinder, Belle, Architects

Renovation, 2000

2002

Gracie Mansion

New York, NY

Jamie Drake, Architect

Restoration, 2002

2010

Hermès International S.A. (Men’s)

New York, NY

Beyer, Blinder, Belle, Architects

Renovation, 2010

2011

Harrison Gray Otis House II

Boston, MA

Charles Bulfinch, Architect

2011

2012

George W. Bush Library

University Park, TX

Robert A.M. Stern, Architects

2012

2016

Astor Beechwood Mansion

Newport, RI

John Grosvenor, Architect

Renovation, 2016

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